SEL Skill Measures Suite

The Quality-Outcomes Design and Measure (Q-ODM) toolbox includes a comprehensive suite of evidence-informed measures designed to assess the quality and impact of out-of-school time (OST) programs. The two SEL skill measures developed by QTurn (available for download below) are based on a theory of change (Figure 1 in the Technical Guide) for how youth develop and grow their SEL skills within OST settings and then transfer these skills to other areas of their lives (Peck & Smith, 2020). Social and emotional learning (SEL) is the process through which youth develop essential SEL skills such as regulating emotions, responsibility, empathy, and teamwork. These skills play a key part in youth’s ability to do well in school, make successful transitions to adulthood, and achieve positive life outcomes including educational attainment, employment, and good health.

Adult Rating of Optimal Skills (AROS)

The AROS asks staff to rate youths’ optimal SEL behavioral skills based on behaviors displayed during program activities, as observed during several program offering sessions. AROS scores are good indicators of how youth are likely to perform in settings where they are well supported.

Youth Report of Functional Skills (YRFS)

The YRFS asks youth about mental and behavioral aspects of their functional SEL skills in general (i.e., beyond the program setting and into environments such as home and school). YRFS scores are good indicators of how youth are likely to perform in settings where they are not well-supported.

Technical Guide for SEL Skill Measures

This guide provides information about two measures of children’s engagement and socio-emotional skill. We also provide some technical information about the measures and general guidance about how to administer, score, and interpret them.